Cyber Security Situation in Nepal

With the advancement of technology, many people are engaged on the Internet to perform their day to day online activities. One out of three people are now planning to conduct and promote their business through online, so it has become the fastest way of communicating any prototype products among customers. It can also be said as the internet has turned the whole world into a global village. Being any part of the world, we can conduct, promote and implement our business policies and strategies. So Cyber Security along with the concept of data has become now as a big topic for discussion that we all need to Know.

Cyber Security, the term is raised globally since many confidential data and info are seen on the dark side. Per day 1 out of 10 people’s info are hacked although most highly paid and death penalty punishment is given to the committees. For this reason, it has become essential to know the Concept of Cyber Security and how we can maintain our info secure from hackers.

In the case of Nepal, many cybersecurity breaches had been regularly broadcasted on TV, online portal, and newspaper. It has been very risky, challenging and critical in Technology environment in Nepal faces. Today, despite their high regard for security and privacy, relevant policies regarding Cyber Security Situation in Nepal. Due to a lack of sound knowledge among people and IT Professionals, we are not able to address the growing security breach concerns of the Cyber Users. So, it has become essential to think on this Cyber Security Topic, since our government private accounts along with personal accounts are hacked, last time. If we don’t think today, we will be in excellent problem tomorrow.

This is not the problem only we are facing even the USA, Australia, India, China, along with other counties are facing the same problem. But now they have applied many techniques of using Password Managers to secure their data, using the different utility to trace the cybercrime, so it’s time to think for our’s data as well.

Internet Service Providers (ISPs) had demonstrated that 50% increased the number of people engaged on the internet on a yearly basis. Just in 2000, it was found that only 35,000 were users. But the case was trending in Nepal, and it reached to 10 times by 2009 and still in the progress of increasing for ICT applications and Internet consumption.

There are also many hidden facts that boost up this trend in Nepal. In a Business organization, around 30% employee is engaged on Internet services while for international and private home users the use of the Internet was approximately 20% each but the case is still in progress. Similarly, many schools, colleges, and computer training institutes are also using internet facilities to provide quality or market-friendly education to the students; this has also increased the use of the internet. So we are collecting many Data per day, and it has become essential to secure our data’s. This is only possible with our efforts and hard labor.

Now let’s know what the reasons behind being cybercrime vulnerabilities in Nepal are.

In developing countries like Nepal, Poor Digital Access, Institutional Instability, and Regime Instability are the leading cause of being Cyber Security blunders. Researches had shown that there were no specific rules and regulation regarding Cyber Law in Nepal. So people have the same perception that if they commit any crime, then they would be easily escaped. So people are always intended to do the fastest way of getting access to others account info. They are even ready to hack others Wifi passwords using online videos.

Not only this, most of the people have no knowledge on how to keep their account secure, even the IT technicians have a problem on that, so proper knowledge need to be given from general to high-level technicians. People are so innocent that they were even ready to share their info like the first name, last name, birthdays, phone numbers and locations which are wrong so that hackers can easily trace them and know their presence, even the thief can harm them.

There are also many works done by the Central Investigation Bureau (CIB). The Cyber Law Act of 2006/2007 declared hacking, stealing data, pirating software, and posting defamatory information online as being criminals and civil offenses. Under this law, the government can punish cyber-offenders with up to 5 years of imprisonment and fine up to $1,000 depending on the severity.

For this reason, many awareness programs are conducted in Nepal to make people aware of Cyber Crimes. Many sectors like banking, hospital, army camp, police camp, government offices, etc. are using much original software, VPN, firewalls; awareness on password updating policies, proper backup systems and high availability with SAN and Vmware technologies. Last time Microsoft had stopped supporting Windows XP in April of 2014 after it was identified that the operating system had the highest number of vulnerabilities. Similarly, Pen drive has also many viruses which affect the operations. Similarly, many parents are unaware of their children’s activity on the internet such as Facebook, Twitter, etc. Besides, many cyber crimes are also not reported although they know that their sites are hacked to secure from clients concern.

Due to the facts above, Government must give their exclusive attention towards public education on Cyber Security and its management. Besides, IT professionals have to conduct program regarding Cyber Security on a timely basis, so that other IT professionals know about their weakness and make our business secure and even the general people make their password strong to reduce from cyber risks and crimes. Then only the motto of Cyber Security would be achieved, and our Cyber Security would be in a strong position.

Author: Chiranjibi Adhikari  (President of Information Security Response Team, Nepal)

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